In the fashion industry, efficiently managing returns, excess inventory, and unsold goods presents a continual puzzle. This article explores the problems facing the reverse supply chain in this sector, with a special focus on the detrimental practices of devaluing brands through discounting and the alarming issue of sending unwanted fashion items to landfills. Moreover, it will address the role of traditional secondary market resellers in perpetuating damaging discounts and their impact on the industry.
The Reverse Supply Chain and the Fashion Industry:
The reverse supply chain plays a crucial role in handling products after their sale, managing returns, unsold inventory, and outdated items. In the ever-evolving realm of fashion, this process becomes even more critical due to constantly changing trends and consumer demands.
Issue 1: Excess Inventory and Discounting:
A significant hurdle in the reverse supply chain is dealing with surplus inventory. Brands often produce more than the market demands, anticipating unforeseen fluctuations or seeking cost efficiencies through bulk production. However, when projected demand falls short, retailers face the burden of managing excess stock.
To combat this excess, retailers frequently resort to aggressive discounting within their own markets. While this may provide a temporary solution, it comes at a significant cost to the brand’s image and perceived value. Consumers grow accustomed to expecting steep discounts, diminishing the allure of the brand’s products and eroding their exclusivity.
Issue 2: Devaluing Brands:
Fashion brands invest considerable effort in marketing, design, and brand image to cultivate a sense of prestige and uniqueness. Unfortunately, heavy discounting practices can severely undermine brand equity and devalue offerings. When consumers frequently encounter the same products at drastically reduced prices, questions arise regarding the authenticity and premium status of the brand.
Moreover, the practice of discounting excess inventory can lead to a breakdown of consumer trust. Knowing that desired items will eventually be available at a fraction of the original price, consumers become hesitant to make full-price purchases. This harmful cycle perpetuates a damaging precedent, weakening the brand’s overall value and competitive edge.
Issue 3: Sending Unwanted Items to Landfills:
Apart from devaluing brands, the fashion industry faces a pressing environmental concern related to the reverse supply chain. When unsold or returned items are deemed unfit for discounting or other forms of recovery, a disturbing number of fashion companies resort to disposing of them in landfills. This harmful practice contributes to the growing problem of textile waste and its associated environmental impacts outlined in previous blogs.
The Role of Secondary Market Resellers:
Adding to the challenges faced by the reverse supply chain, traditional secondary market resellers can play a significant role in perpetuating damaging discounts by selling at huge discounts in the in-country markets. These resellers purchase excess inventory from brands and retailers at considerably reduced prices, and in turn, sell off these products in secondary markets at deeply discounted rates, often competing against the brand. While this may provide a temporary outlet for surplus inventory, it fuels the devaluation cycle and impacts the brand’s long-term reputation.
That is why we at STOCS are changing the model and building a global secondary market that allows retailers to shift stock out of market, avoid landfill and protect the value of their brands.
The reverse supply chain’s multifaceted challenges, including devaluing brands through discounting, landfilling unwanted fashion items, and the role of traditional secondary market resellers, demand immediate attention within the global retail industry, especially in the fashion sector. Fashion brands must prioritize sustainable practices, better demand forecasting, inventory management, and explore alternative avenues for excess stock to break free from the damaging cycle of discounts.
Additionally, fostering collaboration and responsible practices between brands, retailers, and modern secondary market resellers, such as STOCS, can lead to a more sustainable and value-driven future for the fashion industry. By collectively addressing these issues, the industry can move towards a more environmentally conscious and consumer-centric approach, safeguarding their brand’s reputation while embracing a more responsible reverse supply chain.